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spacerJune 2004, Issue No. 11


Geothermal production tax credit update
2004 geothermal map of North America
Report on Bonn: Renewables 2004 Conference
Geothermal Calendar of Events
Current Solicitations
National News
State Roundup

Alaska
American Samoa
Arizona
California
Colorado
Hawai'i
Idaho

Oregon
South Dakota
Texas
Utah
Washington
Wyoming




Geothermal production tax credit update

On 11 May, the U.S. Senate passed S. 1637, the Jumpstart Our Business Strength Act. The $19.4-billion energy tax package, which includes the Energy Bill's Section 45 Production Tax Credit for geothermal, was added to the corporate tax bill.

On 17 June, the House of Representatives approved their counterpart to S. 1637, H.R. 4520, the "American Jobs Creation Act of 2004." While the Senate tax bill extends the Production Tax Credit to include geothermal, the House bill does not.

These tax bills are considered "must pass" legislation. Most observers believe that it is likely that some agreement and process to work out differences will be reached in July, and a final Conference Report completed sometime in September (Source: GEA Washington Update, June 2004).

For more information, email Karl Gawell, Executive Director, Geothermal Energy Association, at Karl@geo-energy.org.

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2004 geothermal map of North America

Dr. David Blackwell and Maria Richards of Southern Methodist University, Department of Geological Sciences, Geothermal Lab have completed the 2004 Geothermal Map of North America. Liz Crouse of the Kansas Geological Survey did the cartographic design. The project was funded primarily by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).

The 2004 map not only updates the 1992 Geological Society of America DNAG Series Map, it also includes new data (see table).

TYPE

2004

1992

Land heat flow

3656

2343

Lower quality heat flow

246

0

Ocean heat flow

3740

1352

BHT from oil and gas

14512

0

Geothermal wells

4047

95

Warm & Hot springs

1896

340

Volcanoes

454

454

Power Plants

36

0

References

573

414

Size

48”x63”

70”x70”

Geothermal Map of North America, 2004

The Geothermal Map of North America, 2004 (Product Code 423) is available for purchase from the AAPG Bookstore for $59.00.

For more information.

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Bonn, Germany hosted the International Conference for Renewable Energies ("Renewables 2004"), the largest ever meeting of over 3,000 government and private sector renewable energy leaders. The purpose of the 1-4 June conference was to chart the way towards expanding renewable energies worldwide. Governmental delegates from 154 countries adopted the Political Declaration which contains shared political goals for an increased role of renewable energies.

Conference highlights included:

  • The conference produced an international action program that contains 165 individual commitments by governments, international agencies, and private groups to promote the use of renewable energy. DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) contributed four commitments.

  • A report released by the U.N. Environmental Program Finance Initiative (UNEP FI) concluded that clean energy will be a $1.9 trillion investment opportunity by the year 2020. Subsidies for fossil fuels are an obstacle that needs to be overcome before renewable energy projects are considered attractive investments. For more information.

  • The World Bank committed to increasing renewable energy lending by at least 20% annually over the next five years.

For more information: Worldwatch Institute Renewables 2004: Overview.

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National News
  • On 21 June, DOE announced selection of research projects for funding under Enhanced (Engineered) Geothermal Systems (EGS) Research and Development Grants (DE-PS36-04GO94001). The awardees were Duke, Pennsylvania State University, SAIC, University of Utah, University of North Carolina, University of California San Diego, and Pinnacle Technologies. For more information.

  • The U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO) issued its report entitled, "Geothermal Energy: Information on the Navy’s Geothermal Program" (GAO-04-513) in June 2004. The report contains information on (1) the Navy’s annual revenues from the geothermal facility at China Lake, (2) how the Navy uses the revenues it collects from the geothermal facility, (3) the budget oversight the Navy provides programs funded from geothermal revenues, and (4) how the Navy’s geothermal program differs from Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) program.

    The Navy's Geothermal Program Office is responsible for managing and developing geothermal resources on all military lands. The two geothermal power plants at China Lake are the only ones on military lands. The Navy is considering contractors to develop a geothermal power plant at the Fallon Naval Air Station in Nevada.

  • The Geothermal Energy Association (GEA) has conducted an extensive literature review characterizing the state of information available on the geothermal industry today. The GEA published the 71-page "Geothermal Literature Assessment: Environmental Issues" in May 2004. GEA will also produce three white papers on the environmental, socioeconomic, and technical aspects of geothermal energy. For more information on environmental issues contact Diana Bates at research~geo-energy.org. For information on the socioeconomic research program contact Nathanael Hance at info@geo-energy. org. This work is supported by DOE.

  • The June 2004 (Vol. 25, No. 2) issue of the Geo-Heat Center Quarterly Bulletin contains the following stories: "Direct-Use Temperature Requirements: A Few Rules of Thumb" by Kevin Rafferty; "A Beautiful Spa - Thermal Waters at San Bartolo Agua Caliente, Mexico" by Susan Hodgson; "Elko Heat Company District Heating System - A Case Study," "Empire Energy, LLC - A Case Study," and "Elko County School District Heating Systems, Elko, Nevada - A Case Study " all by Gordon Bloomquist; and "The Current Geothermal Exploration and Development of the Geothermal Field of Milos Island in Greece" by Constantine Karytsas, Dimitrios Mendrinos and George Radoglou.

    • The Geothermal Education Office (GEO) has released a reprint of the "little red book," About Geothermal Energy. Calpine Foundation supported the reprint. To obtain a copy, email Marilyn Nemzer, GEO Executive Director, at geo@marin.org.

  • During their 20-22 June Annual Meeting, the Western Governors' Association (WGA) approved a resolution calling on the region to develop 30,000 MW of clean energy generating capacity by 2015. Governors Bill Richardson and Arnold Schwarzenegger sponsored the resolution entitled "Clean and Diversified Energy Initiative for the West." The WGA will form a working group to develop policy proposals for achieving the goals. For more information.

  • Adding significant amounts of renewable energy resources and energy efficiency measures to the Western power grid between now and 2020 would reduce regional electricity costs by billions of dollars, according to a study released by Western Resource Advocates on 25 May. The study, “A Balanced Energy Plan for the Interior West,” concludes that using more renewables and efficiency in Colorado, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Wyoming, and Montana would also create a more secure business climate by reducing economic and environmental risk. In some risk scenarios, the region could save $5 billion annually by adopting a more balanced plan. The report proposes adding about 15,400 MWe of renewable capacity. Press release (PDF).

  • USDA Secretary Ann M. Veneman and Small Business Administration (SBA) Administrator Hector V. Barreto announced on 2 June an Administration effort to stimulate rural business development and jobs by providing greater access to venture capital investment funds. The Rural Business Investment Program (RBIP) will increase the amount of capital available for investment in rural American businesses, and provide a new resource for technical assistance to such businesses. Guidelines for applying under the new program will be published in the Federal Register. For more information.

  • According to a study, Renewable Energy—Market and Policy Trends in EIA Counties, issued by the International Energy Agency (IEA) in June, "The declining share of public funding for energy RD&D allocated to renewable energy appears to be inconsistent with the political intentions of many IEA countries to increase the share of renewable." Renewable energy technologies received 7.7% of total government energy RD&D funding from 1987 to 2002. For more information.

  • According to British Petroleum's annual "Statistical Review of World Energy 2004" published 15 June, at current rates of production the world's proved reserves of oil, natural gas, and coal are sufficient to last for 40, 67, and 192 years, respectively.

  • Energy for Keeps, an educational guide about electricity from renewable energy, won a 2004 Innovation Award from the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). This award recognizes creative ways of accelerating the use of renewable energy. The book was published by Educators for the Environment, the same team that writes GEO materials. The IREC award will be presented during the 2004 American Solar Energy Society conference in Portland, Oregon in July.

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State Roundup

Alaska

For further information on geothermal activities in Alaska, contact:

Bernie Smith
Project Manager
Alaska Industrial Development and Export Authority/
Alaska Energy Authority
Tel: (907) 269-4643
Email: BSmith@aidea.org

  • Almost 50 people participated in the Alaska Trade Mission to Nevada on 10-11 June. Delegates included federal and State officials, geothermal industry representatives (e.g., consultants, developers, and equipment manufacturers), entrepreneurs, Native Tribal representatives, lawyers, and economists from Alaska, Colorado, Nevada, Texas, Washington State, and Washington, D.C. In addition to presentations and a roundtable discussion, the mission also included a tour of Brady Hot Springs, the ConAgra onion dehydration plant, a well drilling site, and Steamboat Springs. The Nevada Division of Minerals hosted the mission. Summary report.
Alaska Geothermal Trade Mission delegates tour Ormat's Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Power Plant in Churchill
AK Trade Mission Tour of Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Plant
  • Alaska and DOE's GeoPowering the West effort will host the first Alaska Geothermal Working Group meeting in Anchorage on 10 August. For more information, email Bernie Smith, Alaska Energy Authority, at BSmith@aidea.org.

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American Samoa

No news.

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Arizona

For further information on the Arizona Geothermal
Working Group (AzGeo), contact
:

Amanda Ormond
The Ormond Group
Tel: (480) 491-3305
Email: asormond@msn.com

  • The Arizona Geothermal Working Group (AzGeo) is taking the next step in organizing by developing a strategic plan to guide future work. Early on AzGeo developed an action plan to help prioritize activities. The new strategic plan will provide a broad, longer-term focus. The plan, to be completed later this month and posted on Northern Arizona University's website, identifies primary objectives as being education and information access, demonstration projects, smoothing project development, and adopting supportive policies. For more information, email Amanda Ormond at asormond@msn.com.

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California

For further information on geothermal activities in California, contact:

Elaine Sison-Lebrilla
Geothermal Program Manager
California Energy Commission

Tel: (916) 654-5129
Email: esisonle@energy.state.ca.us

  • The Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) has issued a Request for Proposals (RFP) for the purchase of Renewable Power. There are two separate opportunities for renewable power to meet the District’s Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) Program and Greenergy Program needs. Applicants may separately respond to both opportunities. Attendance at the Pre Bid Conference on 12 July is recommended. Bids must be submitted by 9 August 2004. To view the solicitation details. To view or download the solicitation documents.

  • Over 100 people attended the California Geothermal Summit in Sacramento on 20 May. Hosted by the California Energy Commission (CEC) Geothermal Resource Account Program, the CEC Public Interest Energy Research Program, and DOE's GeoPowering the West initiative, the summit was convened to help set the stage for geothermal development under the state's RPS and to establish the California Geothermal Collaborative. Summit presentations are posted on the CEC Geothermal Program website.

  • A CEC subcommittee has recommended funding 15 projects totaling about $6.6 million under the 2004-2005 Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) and Geothermal Resources Development Account (GRDA) programs. Projects cover development, planning, and mitigation. For more information.

    PIER

1. Northern California Power Agency, $316,642
2. Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, $998,642
3. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, $737,213
4. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, $813,403
5. Brookhaven National Laboratory, $120,000
6. Imageair, $344,802
7. Northern California Power Agency, $669,334

GRDA
8. Layman Energy Associates, Inc., $700,000
9. Calpine Corporation, $280,770
10. Lake City Geothermal, LLC, $670,003
11. City of El Paso de Robles, $145,500
12. Calpine Corporation, $307,852
13. South Lake County Fire Protection District, $187,658
14. Calpine Corporation, $180,000
15. Calpine Corporation, $107,000

  • The CEC Renewables Committee adopted revisions to the Renewables Portfolio Standard Eligibility Guidebook and the New Renewable Facilities Program Guidebook at the 19 May Business Meeting. For more information.

  • Calpine Corp. says regulatory and energy conditions in California are making it more likely it will seek to develop its Medicine Lake geothermal electrical generation facilities as early as next year. The company will cease major work at Medicine Lake until 2005 but continue some surveying and other minor work. Calpine plans to construct two 49 MWe geothermal power plants in the area, creating 200 temporary and 40 permanent jobs. (Sources: "Calpine halts geothermal projects" by Paul Boerger, Mount Shasta News, 26 May 2004; and "Conditions favor developing contentious energy site, Calpine says" by Don Thompson, The Sacramento Bee, 4 June 2004).

  • The Save Medicine Lake Coalition filed another suit against Calpine Corporation on 18 May. The new suit contends that the U.S. Forest Service violated several environmental laws in approving the geothermal projects. The Save Medicine Lake Coalition is composed of Medicine Lake Citizens for Quality Environment, Klamath Forest Alliance, California Wilderness Coalition, and Fall River Wild Trout Foundation (Source: "Environmentalists sue over California geothermal plans" by Don Thompson, SFGate.com, 19 May 2004).

  • On 11 May, the San Francisco Board of Supervisors passed Ordinance Number 86-04. The "Energy Independence" ordinance establishes a Community Choice Aggregation Program allowing San Francisco to aggregate the municipal load of electricity consumers, and to accelerate the introduction of renewable energy, conservation, and energy efficiency. The move follows the California Public Utilities Commission's decision to allow communities to break away from utility power contracts under the state's Community Choice law (AB117). San Francisco's Electricity Resource Plan calls for 360 MWe of green power. For more information.

  • Under Burbank Water and Power's (BWP) Clean Green Support Program, customers can choose to have 50% or 100% of their household electricity needs covered by Green Tickets. Green Tickets represent the added cost to produce green energy plus its environmental value. The cost for the 50% option is an additional $3 per month (about 1.2¢/kWh); the cost for 100% is $5 (about 1¢/kWh). Clean Green Support is available to any Burbank residential customer. For more information.

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Colorado

  • The Colorado Senate voted 16-19 against an RPS on 4 May. RPS supporters will now attempt to take the question directly to voters and have filed several ballot initiatives. The initiative filed by Environment Colorado and the Sierra Club would require electricity providers to get 10% of their electricity sales from renewable energy by 2012 and 20% by 2022. In a May statewide poll, 75% of Colorado's registered voters expressed support for a 10% renewable energy standard by 2014 (Source: "Renewables Legislation Fails a Second Time," SolarAccess.com, 11 May 2004).

  • In late April, Xcel Energy filed its least-cost resource plan to develop and acquire 3,600 MW of electric generating capacity by 2013 with the Colorado Public Utilities Commission. Xcel's plan includes up to 500 MW from renewable resources, predominantly wind power; and an all-source bid process to secure new capacity. The company asked for the commission’s permission to request proposals for renewable energy resources in July 2004. Xcel serves more than 1.2 million customers. For more information.

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Hawai'i

For further information on geothermal activities in Hawai'i, contact:

Priscilla C. Thompson
Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism
Energy, Resources, and Technology Division
Tel: (808) 586-2353
Email: PThompso@dbedt.hawaii.gov

  • On 2 June, Governor Linda Lingle signed into law Senate Bill 2474 which requires electric utilities to meet an RPS of 15% by 2015 and 20% by 2020. Act 95 also directs the Public Utilities Commission (PUC) to study the feasibility of implementing a rate structure to encourage the use of renewable energy. About 7% of electricity sales in Hawai'i come from renewable sources. The PUC will set rules and rates by 31 December 2006.

    Lingle also signed bills that will cut state alternative fuel taxes by 50%, clarify eligibility for renewable energy technology income tax credits, update energy retrofit and performance contracts in government buildings, and increase capacity limits for individuals generating their own energy. For more information.

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Idaho

For further information on the Idaho Geothermal Energy
Working Group, contact
:

Gerry Galinato
Energy Division,
Idaho Department of Water Resources
Tel: (208) 327-7963
Email: ggalinat@idwr.state.id.us
  • The Idaho Legislative Energy Interim Committee held its first meeting for the 2004 interim on 2 June in the House Majority Caucus Room of the Statehouse in Boise. The agenda included a review of the two alternative energy bills (House Bills 760 and 761) as well as an overview of federal developments in energy since the Legislature adjourned. HB 760, as amended, would have granted a capital investment tax credit for purchasing equipment for renewable energy generation. HB 761, as amended, would have allowed an income tax credit for renewable energy power generation. Both were passed by the Idaho Legislature but vetoed by Governor Dirk Kempthorne. For more information.

  • U.S. Geothermal Inc. announced on 13 May that all five of the geothermal production wells located on the Raft River site are open and ready for well flow testing. "This is a major milestone, which confirms the advanced nature of our Raft River Geothermal Project," said U.S. Geothermal president Daniel Kunz. The well workover program is on schedule and within budget under a DOE GRED II cost-sharing grant. Lang Exploratory Drilling, a subsidiary of Boart Longyear Company, is the drill operations contractor. For more information: U.S. Geothermal News Release, 13 May 2004; and Con.WEB: Issue 101, 28 May 2004.

  • On 25 March, U.S. Geothermal filed a complaint (IPC-E-04-08) with the Idaho Public Utilities Commission alleging that Idaho Power Company was proposing federal Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) contract terms that are "unjust, unreasonable, and unlawful." The complaint has been combined with those filed by two wind project developers. A public hearing on the joint complaint has been set for 2 September in Boise.

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Kansas

No news.

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Montana

  • The fifth annual Sustainability Fair 2004 will take place in Livingston on 10 July. The fair showcases over 70 vendors of sustainable goods and services; many will conduct mini-workshops. An on-site building will showcase the latest innovations in sustainable building materials and alternative energy systems. There will also be many renewable energy demonstrations, as well as sustainably-produced food, lots of educational materials, and day-long children's activities. Admission is free. For more information.

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Nebraska

No news.

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Nevada

For further information on geothermal activities in Nevada, contact:

John Snow
Program Manager - Oil, Gas, and Geothermal
Nevada Division of Minerals
Tel: (775) 684-7045
Email: jsnow@govmail.state.nv.us


Dr. Lisa Shevenell, Research Hydrogeologist and Associate Director of the University of Nevada in Reno Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy, was honored on 4 May during RaderEnergy's 2004 "Key Women in Energy™-Americas." One-hundred women from 19 countries were recognized for their contributions to the energy sector . The women were chosen by a panel of 12 judges from North and South America.

Lisa Shevenell
Award-winning Lisa Shevenell
(Credit: Jean Dixon)

  • Almost 50 people participated in the Alaska Trade Mission to Nevada on 10-11 June. The mission was hosted by the Nevada Division of Minerals. See Alaska.

  • The BLM Reno office is planning to hold a lease sale of Known Geothermal Resource Areas (KGRA) in September 2004. For more information, contact Richard Hoops, Geothermal Program Lead, BLM, at Tel: (775) 861-6568, or email at RHoops@nv.blm.gov (Source: Nevada Geothermal Update, April 2004).

  • Despite Nevada Power Company's credit problems and noncompliance with the state RPS, development of the 30-MWe Desert Peak geothermal project is moving ahead. Project developer Ormat has obtained about $50 million in financing for the project by bundling it with three existing geothermal projects. According to Ormat Vice President Dan Schochet, the Desert Peak project has two successful wells and is only a few months behind its original February and August 2005 dates to go online.

  • Nevada Geothermal Specialists, LLC (NGS) has submitted an application for a Permit to Construct Utility Facilities in the Salt Wells KGRA approximately 10 miles east of Fallon. NGS proposes to have a net 10-MWe binary cycle power plant online by the end of 2005. Three to four production wells will be drilled to supply the plant with approximately 7,000 gpm of geothermal fluid, which will be re-injected into two injection wells. A six-mile transmission line is being proposed to deliver the power to the Sierra Pacific 230 kV line. For more information, contact Michael Stafford, Clearinghouse Coordinator, Nevada Public Utilities Commission, at Tel: (775) 684-0209, or email at mstafford@budget.state.nv.us (Source: Nevada Geothermal Update, April 2004).

  • Nevada Geothermal Power, Inc. (NGP) completed the second deep geothermal test well (DB-2) at its Blue Mountain geothermal project site in northern Nevada in late April. The maximum temperature measured in the well was 330°F at 1,920 feet. The test showed that the Blue Mountain thermal anomaly is as large or larger than the Steamboat production field. NGP plans to initially develop 30 MWe at the site, with future plans to develop up to 100 MWe. The company intends to acquire additional geothermal sites and become a leading geothermal development company. DOE supported the drilling program. For more information.
  • Geothermal Rail Industrial Development (GRID-USA) has announced. plans to develop an alternative energy industrial park east of Reno within a KGRA. The company plans to develop the geothermal resources to provide energy for residents and business customers (Source: Nevada Geothermal Update, April 2004).

  • The BLM, Nevada Division of Minerals, Tribal Representatives, and the Nevada Energy Office are working together to follow up the issues identified in January regarding the Native American consultation process and its impact on permitting time frames. The agencies are working to provide a means for all representatives to be able to attend the next workshop in order to discuss this issue. The BLM will schedule the workshop once that goal is met, and anticipated a date in late summer (Source: Nevada Geothermal Update, May 2004).

  • On 28 April, the Public Utilities Commission of Nevada adopted new regulations requiring Nevada electric utilities to consider the economic impact and environmental benefits of renewable resources when making long-term energy plans. The utilities will be offered financial incentives for developing new renewable resources. Under the new regulations, the Commission has the option to designate a project as "critical." For more information (Source: Nevada Geothermal Update, April 2004).

  • The following information is provided courtesy of the Nevada Oil Reporter. For more information on BLM leases in Nevada, see the website: http://www.blm.gov/lr2000 (Source: Nevada Geothermal Update, April, May 2004).

    Non-Competitive Geothermal BLM Lease Applications, Pending:
    Katz, Lewis
    Crescent Valley, Eureka County
    Recent Geothermal BLM Leases Issued:
    Nevada Geothermal Specialists
    Salt Wells (issued 11/03)
    Western Geothermal Partners
    Gerlach (issued 12/03)
    Western Geothermal Partners
    Salt Wells (issued 12/03)
    Katz, Lewis
    Crescent Valley, Eureka County (issued 5/04)
    Cortez Joint Venture
    Crescent Valley, Eureka County (issued 5/04)
    Competitive Sale Geothermal Lease Applications Dropped:
    NGP Power Corp.
    Salt Wells
    NGP Power Corp.
    Salt Wells

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New Mexico

For further information on the New Mexico Geothermal Working Group, contact:

Brian K. Johnson
Geothermal Program Manager
Minerals and Natural Resources Department
New Mexico Energy, Minerals & Natural Resources
Tel: (505) 476-3313
Email: bkjohnson@state.nm.us

  • The New Mexico Geothermal Energy Working Group kicked off their strategic planning effort 11-12 May in Santa Fe. The first day focused on Geothermal Heat Pumps, the second on Geothermal Direct Use and Power Generation. Seventeen people participated on day one; 19 on day two. The two-day meeting included a tour of a geothermal heat pump system in a commercial building. Meeting summaries are available.

  • The Working Group met again 15-16 June in Las Cruces to focus on strategic planning. Representatives of DOE, Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico State University, and the State of New Mexico participated. The meeting included a field tour of existing and potential direct use applications in southern New Mexico including greenhouse space heating, aquaculture, and crop drying.

  • Future New Mexico Geothermal Energy Working Group meetings are scheduled for 20 July and 17 August. A discussion draft strategic plan will be available at the next meeting. The NM Geothermal Working Group is supported by DOE. For more information, contact Brian Johnson, Working Group Coordinator, at Tel: (505) 476-3313 or email at BKJohnson@state.nm.us.
  • The Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee has approved legislation authored by Senators Pete Domenici and Jeff Bingaman to acquire the remaining mineral rights at the Valles Caldera National Preserve and Trust.  Senate 1582, the Valles Caldera Preservation Act of 2003, directs the agriculture secretary to purchase the remaining geothermal interests in the Preserve. The bill also clarifies the Valles Caldera National Preservation and Federal Land Transaction Facilitation Act of 1999 in terms of employment classifications, resource management, and funding authority. The bill is now available for consideration by the full Senate.

  • In his 14 April Executive Order, Governor Bill Richardson declared New Mexico the Clean Energy State, and announced several renewable energy and energy efficiency initiatives. Geothermal energy was included. The foremost initiative was creation of the Clean Energy Development Council. The governor's announcement was made during the WGA Energy Summit held in Albuquerque.

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North Dakota

No news.

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Oklahoma

No news.

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Oregon

For further information on geothermal activities in Oregon, contact:

Diana Enright
Oregon Office of Energy
Tel: (503) 378-8278
Email: diana.enright@state.or.us

  • About 15 people from Oregon, Washington, industry, BLM, and the U.S. Forest Service attended a Northwest Geothermal Resources Council (GRC) meeting in Portland on 21 May. The Oregon State Geologist discussed the Oregon Renewable Plan. A representative from BLM spoke about the environmental studies the agency is conducting on behalf of the Forest Service for geothermal leasing in Washington.

South Dakota

No news.

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Texas

  • According to InfinitePower.org's summary of the state's renewable energy resources, while Texas does not have any easily accessible geothermal fields with power generation potential, it does possess low-temperature resources of 90°F-160°F primarily in Central Texas and along the Rio Grande in the Trans-Pecos. Geothermal water has been used for spas, therapeutic baths, space heating, and in municipal water supplies. In addition, large zones of hot, highly pressurized fluids occur in deep strata under the Gulf Coast; their development has not proven economical to date. For more information.

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Utah

For further information on the Utah Geothermal Working Group, contact:

Bob Blackett
Senior Geologist, Utah Geological Survey
Tel: (435) 865-8139
Email: blackett@suu.edu

No news.

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Washington

For further information on geothermal activities in Washington, contact:

Gordon Bloomquist
Geothermal, Hydrothermal & Integrated Energy Systems
Washington State University
Tel: (360) 956-2016
Email: bloomquistr@energy.wsu..edu

  • About 15 people from Oregon, Washington, industry, BLM, and the U.S. Forest Service attended a Northwest Geothermal Resources Council (GRC) meeting in Portland on 21 May. See Oregon.

  • Energy experts, politicians, and local citizens attending an energy conference in Seattle on 13 April called for a new, 10-year, $300-billion program of tax credits and incentives to boost development of renewable energy resources (Source: "Northwest called ideal for green power push" by Robert McClure, Seattle Post Intelligencer, 14 April 2004).
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Wyoming

No news.

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